Table of Contents

In 2023, the Canadian economy encountered challenges from rising interest rates and inflation, which affected both firms and individuals. As we enter 2024, there is some optimism for relief, while the path to healthy economic growth remains uncertain, mainly due to rising interest rates’ repercussions.
Despite economic uncertainty, Canadian people and companies have demonstrated extraordinary resilience.
Nonetheless, the ongoing burden of high living costs, particularly housing and food, strains household finances.
The recent rapid interest rate hikes have peaked, and there is talk that the Bank of Canada may begin a downward trend in its primary rate as early as this summer.
To help Canadians, the 2023 Fall Economic Statement focused on strengthening housing programs and increasing affordability.
With affordability concerns looming large and an impending election, Budget 2024 is expected to include more initiatives to rejuvenate the economy, foster housing development, encourage small company investment, mitigate carbon tax impacts, and more.
Before it is released, let us look at the likely contours of Budget 2024.

What is a Federal Budget?

A federal budget is a comprehensive financial plan detailing the government’s revenue and expenditures for the coming fiscal year. It acts as a guideline for distributing resources to many areas, including healthcare, education, defence, and infrastructure.

Furthermore, the budget represents the government’s economic policies, taxing techniques, and efforts to promote growth while maintaining budgetary stability.
GDP growth, inflation, unemployment rates, and global economic trends all substantially impact budget decisions.
In 2023, the country’s economy grew strongly, driven by rising consumer spending, solid export markets, and practical government actions to alleviate the pandemic’s effects.

Key Priorities and Focus Areas

While capital gains themselves are not reported on the T5 slip, any dividends or interest income earned from investments in mutual funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that realize capital gains are included. These amounts are reported as part of the overall investment income on the T5 slip.
  • Healthcare:
Despite continued health difficulties, strengthening healthcare infrastructure and guaranteeing access to quality medical services remain critical. The Federal Budget 2024 commits significant resources to improve healthcare facilities, increase immunization programs, and strengthen disease surveillance procedures.
  • Education:
Investing in education is investing in the future and recognizing education’s critical role in driving economic success and promoting social mobility. The budget prioritizes funding for schools, universities, and vocational training programs. Initiatives to boost digital literacy and STEM education are also prominently featured.
  • Infrastructure:
A robust infrastructure framework is the foundation of a healthy economy. The Federal Budget 2024 prioritizes infrastructure development in the transportation, energy, and digital sectors. Investments in updating roads, bridges, trains, and broadband networks are expected to improve connectivity, boost productivity, and aid regional development.
  • Climate Action:
Addressing climate change is a critical global priority, and the budget demonstrates the government’s commitment to environmental sustainability. Funding for renewable energy projects, carbon reduction programs, and climate resilience measures demonstrates a proactive approach to minimizing the adverse effects of climate change while promoting green growth.
  • Social Welfare:
The fiscal structure prioritizes social inclusion and poverty reduction. Increased funding for social safety nets, affordable housing programs, and aid for disadvantaged populations demonstrates the government’s commitment to reducing socioeconomic gaps and encouraging inclusive growth.

Revenue Generation and Taxation Strategies

Sustainable fiscal management is dependent on successful revenue collection and sensible taxation strategies.
The Federal Budget 2024 highlights strategies for diversifying revenue streams, improving tax compliance, and boosting economic activity.
Progressive taxes, closing loopholes, and reducing subsidies all attempt to create a fair and equitable tax system while increasing revenue mobilization.

Fostering Business Growth

Budget 2024 is expected to extend temporary benefits, maintaining the trend of rewarding investments by small and medium-sized Canadian businesses.
The Canadian Chamber of Commerce advocates for this extension, proposing that the expedited investment incentive be phased out from 2024 to 2027. This incentive has been effective in motivating enterprises to invest in capital assets.
Furthermore, measures such as rapid expensing laws and accelerated investment incentives are expected to continue. It also allows businesses to take advantage of discounts on certain capital property acquisitions.

Empowering Small Enterprises

Recognizing the importance of small enterprises, Budget 2024 may include additional relief measures.
The Canadian Federation of Independent Businesses proposes raising the trim business deduction level and changing the federal small business tax rate to address pandemic-related challenges.
Furthermore, initiatives to freeze the carbon tax and redistribute fuel tax revenue back to small companies demonstrate the government’s commitment to supporting this critical sector of the economy.

Scientific Research and Experimental Development (SR&ED)

Budget 2024 could include revisions to reform Canada’s Scientific Research and Experimental Development (SR&ED) program.
Potential revisions aim to streamline the SR&ED tax credit standards, in line with the Canadian Chamber of Commerce’s proposals, promoting increased company investment and innovation.
These reforms might include a more comprehensive eligibility framework, lower tax rates on intellectual property income, and quicker application processes, which would benefit small businesses.

Addressing Housing Affordability

Given the ongoing housing affordability problem, Budget 2024 will include initiatives to accelerate house construction and reduce regulatory constraints.
Building on the actions announced in the 2023 Fall Economic Statement, new steps may include rewarding builders to speed up housing production.
The Canadian Home Builders’ Association’s recommendations, such as postponing capital gains tax on the sale of rental properties, highlight the importance of comprehensive approaches to housing difficulties.

Public Perception and Stakeholder Engagement

Engaging stakeholders and promoting openness are critical components of the budgeting process. The government invites feedback from citizens, corporations, and civil society organizations to ensure that budget priorities align with social needs and ambitions.
Public consultations, town hall gatherings, and online forums provide open conversation and constructive engagement opportunities.

International Implications and Global Dynamics

In an interconnected world, domestic fiscal policies impact the global economy and vice versa.
To traverse the world’s complexities, the Federal Budget 2024 considers international trends, trade dynamics, and geopolitical developments.
Collaborative efforts with international partners and multilateral organizations are critical for tackling transnational issues and fostering sustainable development.


As we conclude our exploration of the Federal Budget 2024, it becomes evident that it is not merely a financial document but a reflection of the government’s vision, values, and priorities.
The budget sets the stage for inclusive growth, sustainable development, and prosperity by navigating through the intricacies of fiscal planning and resource allocation.
As citizens, understanding the nuances of the budget empowers us to actively participate in shaping our nation’s economic future of our country.